Rabbi Aaron D. Panken, who expanded the ranks and ambitions of liberal Reform Jewish leaders in North America and in Israel, where Orthodox Judaism dominates, died on Saturday when a plane he was piloting crashed about 70 miles northwest of Manhattan. He was 53.
Rabbi Panken was the president of the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, and his death was confirmed by the college’s spokeswoman, Jean Bloch Rosensaft.
The Federal Aviation Administration said the Aeronca 7AC aircraft he was flying crashed just after takeoff in the morning from Randall Airport in Orange County, N.Y. Ms. Rosensaft said he had been on a routine flight check with an instructor. Flying was his hobby.
Rabbi Panken was elected to the presidency of Hebrew Union in 2013, after serving on the faculty and in leadership there for nearly three decades. The college has four campuses — in New York, where he lived; Cincinnati; Los Angeles; and Jerusalem — and trains rabbis, cantors, religious school educators, chaplains and nonprofit leaders for the Reform movement, as well as those of other faiths.
Reform Judaism, with 1.5 million members and about 900 congregations, is the largest Jewish denomination in the United States and Canada, but is dwarfed in Israel, where the Orthodox rabbinate has been fighting to retain its control over institutional religious life.
“He knew that it was crucial to create change from the inside, attract more and more liberal rabbis, who could create more Reform congregations that hopefully will lead to a change in Israeli policy and culture, and a recognition of liberal Jews as authentic Jews,” said Rabbi Norman J. Cohen, professor emeritus and former dean, provost and interim president of Hebrew Union College, who taught Rabbi Panken and was serving under him when Rabbi Panken died. “Such a vibrant, dynamic guy; to lose him so quickly is shocking.”
A somber ordination of new rabbis and cantors in New York went ahead on Sunday morning without him. He would have spent the next weeks traveling to all four campuses, presiding over ordinations and graduations. He had consecrated students in New York last week in a private ceremony, laying his hands on each of their heads and saying a blessing, Ms. Rosensaft said.
Rabbi Panken added programs in entrepreneurialism, nonprofit management and education, and linked the campuses through technology and online learning programs. He renovated and expanded the Jerusalem campus. In his four years as president, rabbinical students across the four campuses increased by 60 percent, education students by 50 percent, and cantorial students and nonprofit students by 40 percent, Ms. Rosensaft said.
Rabbi Panken had himself grown up in Reform Jewish synagogues, schools and day camps, and was ordained by Hebrew Union College in 1991. He encouraged his students to be involved in advocating for the rights of women, refugees and minority groups, and to ground it all in the Jewish value of “tikkun olam,” or healing the world.
“For me,” he said at his inauguration as president in 2014, “Reform Judaism has always symbolized what I consider to be the best of Judaism — firmly rooted in our tradition, yet egalitarian, inclusive of patrilineal Jews and intermarried families, welcoming to the L.G.B.T. community, politically active and respectful of other faiths and ideologies.”
Aaron David Panken was born in Manhattan on May 19, 1964, to Beverly and Peter Panken. He grew up in New York and graduated from Johns Hopkins University in the electrical engineering program. But he had been an adviser in a Reform movement regional youth program, and decided that he liked working as a counselor and pastor far more than working in a laboratory, his wife, Lisa Messinger, said in an interview on Sunday.
“He was the I.T. guy at home,” she said. “That was where his passion for flying came from; it combined his love of nature and technology.”
Rabbi Panken earned a doctorate in Hebrew and Judaic studies at New York University. Before teaching at Hebrew Union, he was a congregational rabbi at Congregation Rodeph Sholom in Manhattan and a rabbinical intern at Westchester Reform Temple in Scarsdale, N.Y.
Besides his wife and his parents, he is survived by his children, Eli and Samantha; and his sister, Rabbi Melinda Panken of Temple Shaari Emeth in Manalapan, N.J.
While presiding over the graduation ceremonies this month, Rabbi Panken noted that the world was “particularly challenging and painful” in a way that “transcends anything I have seen in my lifetime.”
“But here’s the thing,” he continued. “The Jewish people, and our religious friends of other faiths, have seen this before, and we have lived through it, and thrived and built again and again and again.”
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